Chinese tourism resource is mainly composed of natural landscapes, historical and human landscapes and folk customs, which is distributed in different parts of China.
On the vast Chinese territory scatter countless high mountains, lakes, valleys, waterfalls and caves, which are gorgeous and magnificent. Taishan Mountain, Hengshan Mountain (Hunan Province), Huashan Mountain, Hengshan Mountain (in Shanxi Province) and Songshan Mountain have been titled “the Five Sacred Mountains” since ancient times, of which Taishan Mountain ranks first for its tremendous momentum, while Huangshan Mountain is famous for its odd-shaped pines, bizarre rocks, cloud seas and hot springs.
In Southwest China there are Jiuzhaigou, Huangguoshu Waterfall and Guilin Mountains & Lakes, and Jiuzhaigou stretches for over 40 kilometers and covers an area of 620 square kilometers, where the lakes, waterfalls and forests scatter, and it’s just like a wonderland on the earth. Composed of 18 overground waterfalls and 4 underground waterfalls, Huangguoshu Waterfall Cluster (in Guizhou Province) is very breathtaking and fantastic, whose sound can be heard from five miles away. The Li River meanders along the peaks and caves in Guangxi Province, along which the scenery is picturesque, and the Guilin-Yangshun Section (about 82 kilometers long) boasts the essence of Guilin Mountains & Rivers, attracting millions of visitors every year.
On the plateau of North China scatter numerous high mountains and calm lakes, affording a magnificent spectacle. Surrounded by mountains, Tianchi Lake in Xijiang Province is 1,980 meters high above the sea level with its deepest point of 105 meter. As the capital of China, Beijing is not only famous all over the world for its cultural and historical attractions, but also it’s well known for its unique natural scenery, of which the famous ones include Jingdong Grand Canyon, Beijing Botanical Garden and Shidu.
The Three Gorges (Qutang Gorgande, Wu Gorge and Xiling Gorge) along the Yangtze River have long enjoyed a good reputation with many places of interest along the riverbanks, of which Qutang Gorge is steep and majestic, Wu Gorge is characterized by quietness, and Xiling Gorge features many shoals and rapids, where the Three Gorge Dam is located, boasting the biggest hydroelectric project of China.
There are 56 ethnic groups in China, whose culture, lifestyles and festivals vary from one to another. As the most ceremonious festival for the Tibetan ethnic people, the Sour Milk Festival is held on 30th of June every year, when the actors from the major Tibetan drama schools gather in Norbulingka of Lahsa to perform the plays. Nadam Fair is held in July every year, when the Mongolian people celebrate it in the forms of singing, dancing, wresting, shooting arrows and and horse racing.
The Bai ethnic people living in Dali of Yunnan Province hold “March Fair” on Diancang Mountain in March every year, which is a good opportunity for the people to conduct material and culture exchange.
The Dai ethnic people celebrate their Water-Splashing Festival after the Tomb-Sweeping Festival, who consider water as something that brings happiness and longevity to them, so they splash water to each other to express their best wishes during the festival, and the dragon-boating racing and the peacock dancing are also held then.